|thumb|x400px|right|Grace M. Hopper]]
Commodore Grace M. Hopper, USN (covered)
Contributors To Computer Science: Grace Hopper
Achievement: 29 March, 1944: One of the first programmers on the Harvard Mark I computer
Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (née Murray December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented one of the first linkers. Hopper was the first to devise the theory of machine-independent programming languages, and the FLOW-MATIC programming language she created using this theory was later extended to create COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today.
Born: 6 December, 1906 in New York City, NY, USA
Died: 1 January, 1992 at 85 years of age